violent crime rate, murder and non-negligent manslaughter rate, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault
Violent crime is defined by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) as offenses that involve force or the threat of force.
Why does the presence of violent crime matter?
Violence has far reaching impacts on individuals and their cities. In addition to threatening public health and welfare, violence in a community can affect economic development, educational outcomes, and the degree to which people feel civically engaged and empowered.
How do we measure violent crime?
We measure the presence of violent crime by using metrics associated with the four types of violent crime defined by the FBI and reported through its Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) database. These metrics include the rate of murders and nonnegligent homicide, the rate of forcible rape, the rate of robbery, and the rate of aggravated assault. Raw data was collected through the UCR database (the most recent years available), and a rate per 100,000 was calculated by the Public Policy Center using annual population figures.
How is Fall River doing?
1. Murder rate: 1.12 (2016)
In 2016, Fall River experienced 1 incident of murder or nonnegligent manslaughter, which translates to a rate of 1.12 murder per 100,000 residents. This rate is a decrease from 2010 when Fall River had 5 reported murders and a rate of 6.
2. Rate of rape: 75.36 (2016)
In 2016, there were 67 reported incidents of rape in Fall River, translating to a rate of 75.36 rapes per 100,000 residents. This is an increase from 2010, when the rate was 58. However, the definition of rape reporting criteria in the UCR was expanded in 2013 to represent a modern understanding of the crime. Therefore, past figures may be subject to underreporting. Still, the rate increased by 7 incidents per 100,000 residents from 2015.
3. Robbery rate: 213.72 (2016)
Fall River recorded 190 robberies in 2016, which translates into a rate of 213.72 robberies per 100,000 residents. This a decline from 2015 and a decrease from the most recent high point in 2011 when there was a robbery rate of 306 in Fall River.
4. Rate of aggravated assault: 796.38 (2016)
Fall River experienced 708 reported incidents of aggravated assault in 2016, which translates into an assault rate of 796.38 per 100,000 residents. This a decrease from 2010, when the rate was 867, but an increase from 2012 when the rate dropped to 711 assaults.
How is New Bedford doing?
1. Murder rate: 3.15 (2016)
In 2016, New Bedford experienced 3 incidents of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter. This translates to a rate of 3.5 incidents per 100,000 persons. This is an decrease from 2013’s high point of 6.
2. Rate of rape: 32.64 (2016)
In 2016, there were 31 reported incidents of rape in New Bedford, which translates into a rate of 32.64 rapes per 100,000 residents. This is a large decrease from 2014, but the recent increase also reflects the expansion of UCR reporting criteria for rape, which was updated in 2013 to reflect a more modern understanding of the crime.
3. Robbery rate: 250.56 (2016)
New Bedford recorded 238 robberies in 2014, which translates to a rate of 250.46 robberies per 100,000 residents. There has a been a steady decrease in the rate of robbery in New Bedford since 2010, although this year reflects a slight decrease from 2013.
4. Rate of aggravated assault: 575.86 (2016)
New Bedford experienced 547 reported incidents of aggravated assault in 2010, which translates to a rate of 575.86 assaults per 100,000 residents. This is lower it’s been since 2010.
What’s being done to address violent crime, and where may I learn more?
Do you know of any effective programs aimed at reducing violence? Let us know!
The Massachusetts Crime Prevention Officers Association acts to address and prevent the spread of violence throughout the Commonwealth through promoting awareness via governmental and cultural entities.
National programs and policies
The National Violence Prevention Network is a comprehensive, linked reporting system that collects and centralizes information on homicides and suicides from a variety of sources, such as medical examiners and coroners, law enforcement, hospitals, public health officials and crime labs. Information from NVDRS provides a better understanding of the circumstances surrounding violent deaths and helps officials and organizations put into place effective prevention policies and programs.
Data sources and methods
All violent crime data was retrieved from the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports database for the year 2010. Data for both Fall River and New Bedford, as well as the metropolitan statistical area, can be accessed at http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010/tables/table-6.